Home Care for Diabetic Feet
One in five people who has diabetes is hospitalized at some time for foot problems. Better knowledge of home foot care and regular professional pedicures by a foot care specialist with advanced knowledge in the care of diabetic feet can prevent that.
- Avoid going barefoot, even in your own home.
- Wear comfortable, well-fitted shoes that are soft and flexible on the top to avoid pressure.
- Avoid thong-style sandals, stockings with thick seams or anything that can cause a pressure point
- Shoe linings should be smooth and free of ridges, wrinkles and seems. Feel the inside of your shoes with your fingers, particularly if you have neuropathy in the feet.
- Wear clean, dry, natural fiber socks or non-binding pantyhose.
- We highly recommend compression socks/stockings.
- Never use liquid corn removers or corn pads as they contain an acid that can very easily damage the skin.
- Do not let anyone use a razor blade on your feet and only get a pedicure from a professional with specific training in caring for diabetic feet
- Always test the temperature of water with your hands before immersing your feet as the ability to sense hot temperatures is usually decreased with diabetes.
- Exercise daily to promote good circulation.
- Avoid sitting with crossed legs or standing in one position for a long period of time.
- Don’t smoke; it decreases blood flow to the feet.
- Check your feet daily; inspect the tops, sides, bottoms and between the toes.
- Have a large enough mirror handy to see the bottom of your foot and inspect the bottoms of your feet often
- Wash your feet every day with lukewarm water and mild cleansers (Avoid Sodium Lauryl Sulphate). Dry feet thoroughly, especially between the toes.
- Apply a non-occlusive moisturizer after bathing. Your skin is an important barrier against infection and it is important to keep it moisturized. Due to decreased circulation with diabetes, your feet may become dry and cracked, opening the opportunity for infection. We recommend a Footlogix Mouse moisturizer for a non-greasy, hypoallergenic, and highly effective treatment.
Use caution when cutting toenails:
- Soak for 5 minutes in lukewarm water to soften toenails before cutting them. Soaking for too long can make the skin more vulnerable and should be avoided.
- Do not cut too short. There should be at least a sliver of visible white at the tip of the nail; otherwise you may injure the seal of skin under the nail.
- Never remove or push back cuticles. They are an important barrier against infection.